I. THE CIRCUMSTANCES OF THE CASE
9. The United Macedonian Organisation Ilinden (“the applicant association” or “Ilinden”) is an association based in south-west Bulgaria (in an area known as the Pirin region or the geographic region of Pirin Macedonia). Mr Boris Stankov is a Bulgarian citizen who was born in 1926 and resides in Petrich. At the relevant time he was the chairman of a branch of the applicant association.